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Explore Pathanamthitta "the Headquarters of Pilgrimage & Tourism"



Pathanamthitta district is known as the 'Headquarters of Pilgrimage Tourism', of the Kerala State. Situated near the Western Ghats and bordered by the hills, Pathanamthitta district is a treat to eyes with its vast unending stretches of forests, rivers and rural landscapes. Blessed by nature, the district is famous for its scenic beauty, fairs and festivals.
Sabarimala is the 'Sacred Abode of Lord Ayyappa' and one of the most important Hindu pilgrim centre in the country.
The Chandanakudam at Pathanamthitta is one of the most colourful of Muslim festival in Kerala.
Aranmula is famous for the Aranmula Vallamkali (Boat Race), which is held on the annual commemoration of the week long Onam festival.
Gavi is another attraction in Pathanamthitta. Gavi, offers its visitors activities like trekking, wildlife watching, outdoor camping in specially built tents, and night safaris.


Sabarimala Temple

Sabarimala is a Hindu pilgrimage center located in the midst of beautiful evergreen forests of Periyar Tiger Reserve Western Ghat mountain ranges of Pathanamthitta DistrictPerunad grama panchayat in Kerala. It is one of the largest annual pilgrimage in the world with an estimated 50 million devotees visiting every year. Sabarimala is believed to be the place where the Hindu God Ayyappan meditated after killing the powerful demoness, Mahishi. Ayyappan's temple is situated here amidst 18 hills. The temple is situated on a hilltop at an altitude of 468 m (1535 ft) above mean sea level, and is surrounded by mountains and dense forests.The dense forest(PeriyarTiger Reserve) around the temple is known as Poomkavanam. Temples exist in each of the hills surrounding Sabarimala. While functional and intact temples exist at many places in the surrounding areas like Nilackal, Kalaketi, and Karimala, remnants of old temples survive to this day on remaining hills.


Gavi is 28 km south west of Vandiperiyar, 14 km from Kumily, near Thekkady.Gavi is inside the Ranni reserve forest. Gavi is a part of Seethathode Panchayath in Ranni Taluk. Gavi is part of the Periyar Tiger reserve, and the route can be covered by car from Vandiperiyar. The entrance fee is 25 rupees per person and 50 rupees per vehicle. Cameras are 25 rupees and video cameras are charged 100 rupees. Both day and night stays are available. Forest tent camping is available from November through March. It has been said that most enjoyable route to Gavi is the way from Pathanamthitta. The rough journey to Gavi may better be made on a sturdy vehicle like jeep which are available on hire either from Vandiperiyar or from Kumily. Entry passes must be obtained from the Forest Check Post en route at Vallakkadavu. Advance booking with the Kerala Forest Development Corporation Ltd. is highly appreciable wherein such formalities will be taken care of by the Company itself.

Perunthenaruvi Water Falls

Perunthenaruvi Waterfalls are waterfalls 36  km from Pathanamthitta in Pathanamthitta DistrictCentral Travancore region, Kerala State,India. It is a popular tourist destination. It is situated in the Vechuchira Panchayat.
The name "Perunthenaruvi" means "The Great Honey Stream".
Located on the Western Ghats of the Sahyadri Range, Perunthenaruvi is famous for the waterfalls there. The waterfalls are known for their wide area, rather than their height. The stream later unites with the Pamba River. It is beautiful and dangerous at the same time

Aranmula Boat Race 

Aranmula is a temple village in the state of KeralaIndia. At a distance of around 116 km from Trivandrum, the capital of Kerala, it is situated on the banks of the holy river Pampa. A centre of pilgrimage from time immemorial and a trade post of eminence, when the river was the chief means of transport, it is near Kozhenchery in Pathanamthitta District. Famous for the famous tourist attraction 'Vallam Kali', boat pageantry, Aranmula is a global heritage site enlisted by the United Nations. It is a sacred site for the Hindus and comprises the central temple of Lord Parthasarathi with a network of temples and sacred groves around. Boat race is part of the temple festival here. Fertile wetlands, locally called Puncha, rich biodiversity and a soothing climate make Aranmula an apex model of the ecofriendly culture of Kerala. The region, as remote sensing maps show, has a rich stock of ground water which feeds the river Pampa and the estuaries like Vembanad. The rice producing belts like Kuttanad downstream benefit from the water cycle. Nearby important towns are Chengannur (10 km), Pathanamthitta (15 km), Pandalam (14 km). The nearest railway station is at Chengannur and airports are in Kochi, India and Thiruvananthapuram. The annual snake boat race on thePampa river attracts devotees and also national and international tourists. Fifty two Karas, from ancient chieftains, own the snake boats that take part in the boat races and these are considered as the vehicles of the Lord. Aranmula is also famous for its metal mirrors, known as Aranmula kannadi. The palace at Aranmula ( Aranmula Kottaram) built mostly in wood is an architectural marvel and has a history of around 200 years. It was here that the 'Thiru Abharanam', ornaments of Lord Ayyappa at Sabarimala, were originally kept and it still is a stop over of the annual procession from Pandalam.

Aruvikuzhy Waterfalls
Aruvikuzhy waterfalls are located 11 km from Kozhencherry town. Located near the Charalkunnu Thaliyoor in Pathanamthitta district, the waterfalls is an ideal picnic spot.

Mannadi Adoor
Mannadi, situated near Adoor in Pathanamthitta, is where Veluthampi Dalawa, the renowned freedom fighter of Travancore, spent his last days. A historical museum, a statue of Veluthampi Dalawa and an open-air theatre are the major attractions here. The Kerala Institute of Folklore and Folk Arts functions here. The ancient Bhagavathy Temple at Mannadi has some exquisite stone sculptures. The annual temple festival is held in February/March. 
Getting there, Nearest railway station: Kollam, about 40 km Nearest airport: Trivandrum International Airport, about 87 km

Kakki Reservoir

Kakki Reservoir is a reservoirThe lake, which was created when Kakki and Anathode dams were built, is on one of the tributaries of Pamba, the Kakki tributary. The dams were built in 1966 as part of the Sabarigiri Hydroelectric project. Full reservoir level (FRL) is 981.45 meters above sea level according to the operators of the "twin" reservoirs, the Kerala State Electricity Board. The reservoir, which is also a tourist spot, is nestled in the Pathanamthitta reserve forest, very close to the Western Ghats.

Konni Adavi Eco-Tourism

Coracle rafting or Bowl Boat riding is an innovative venture, which promises a never-before experience to travellers. Coracle is a round bamboo raft on which a group of four can row. At Adavi, one can row the coracle on paying Rs. 200 for an hour. The rafting begins from Mundommoozhy and goes through Thottikayam, Idikallu, Thattathikayam and finally would reach Irattayaar. Tickets for rafting can be obtained from the Konni Eco-tourism Centre. A slender bamboo variety locally known as kallanmula obtained from the Mannarappara forest region is used for the making of the coracles used at Adavi. A butterfly park, a rehabilitation centre for elephants, whitewater rafting, adventure trekking, tree-top huts, bamboo cottages, canopy walkways and eco-friendly tourist cottages are the other attractions that would soon come up at Adavi.

Konni Elephant Cage

Konni Elephnat cage is a popular training centre for elephants in Kerala. Located in the district of Pathanamthitta, it is a major centre of tourist attraction in Kerala, and attracts visitors in large numbers throughout the year. Situated about 11 km from Pathanamthitta, the main attraction at the elephant-training centre at Konni is the huge cages built of wood to house elephants. This massive wooden cage is locally known as Aanakoodu and can accommodate three to four elephants at a time. The chief task of the trainers here at Konni is to train baby elephants, which are brought to the training centre after getting separated from its herd, or found wounded and roaming lonely in the forest. Experienced trainers, who employ some of the time-tested methods to tame the baby elephants, follow systematic training methodologies. Some of the training programmes besides making the elephants to obey commands include, daily exercises in the morning, which also include a walk in the premises, followed by bath and feeding of a special diet. At Konni, visitors can get a close look at these trainee elephants and can observe and understand a lot about their behaviour, especially that of baby elephants, which are often mischievous and are focus of attention of majority of the visitors, especially children. One can also find bigger elephants at the centre, and a ride on these majestic animals is an exciting one. The bigger elephants are also some times used for works inside the forest land adjoining the training centre. It is obviously a training school with a difference; where size really doesn't matter.


Kadammanitta, the small embellished with natural beauty situated at the eastern corner of Naraganam panchayath belonging to Pathanamthitta district. The spiritual centers of both Hindus and Christian communities are mingled here. Almost all development such as Higher secondary School , primary health center, post office, the roads are due the combined effort of two veteran leaders “Kavumkottu Govinda Kurup ” and “Kariparambil Ghevarghese Kathanar”. Kadammanitta Bhagavathi Temple is the spiritual center of the Hindu community in the village. The rural ritualistic , traditional art form Padayani, the colloquial form being Padayani, is the special festival celebrate in the temple premises during 1st Medom to 10th Medom – Probably April 14th to 23rd every year . Padayani is the art from of the people , by the people and for people . It is the people of the village who preserve Padayani for the coming generation. It is the folk dance by the villagers accomplished by the traditional music followed by a kind of drumming played on the special drum know as Thappu. Wearing natural costume consisting of the mask and head gear made up of arracnut palam sheaths. Along with a variety of teachers who are generally know as “Gurus” or “Asan” who taught Padayani , the following names “Munjinattu Asan” , “Meletharayil Asan” , ”Vellavoor Pappu Asan” , “Attupurathu Ittirachar” , “Kavumcottu Raman Kurup Asan” . “Kadammanitta Raman Nair Asan” are worth noted.

Pandalam Palace
Pandalam palace is the permanent home for the royal family of Pandalam. It is situated on the banks of river Achankovil. Although most of the original buildings have vanished by flood and fires, a few still remain which could be witnessed in the area among the newly constructed buildings.
There are two palace complexes at present. The first one is Valiyakoikkal Temple and the other the Kaipuzha Temple. The Valiya koikkal temple is situated on the left bank of Achenkoil river and the Kaipuzha temple is situated about one kilometer away from the first on the right bank.
It is believed that the Pandalam Kingdom was established around 903 AD by the Pandalam royal family who are the descendents of the Pandya kings of Madurai. The royal family of Pandalam belongs to the Bhargava gotra. Territories of the kingdom extended to over 1,000 square miles (2,600 km) consisting of mountain ranges and forests.

Niranam church
Niranam Church has a rich history of being the symbol of Christian faith in Kerala and a citadel of Orthodox Christianity since its inception in AD 54 by St Thomas, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ. St Thomas reached Kerala in AD 52 and started preaching the gospel. He founded 8 churches, which are called 'Ezhara Pallikal', meaning seven and half churches. These were at Kodungallur, Kollam, Niranam, Nilackal (Chayal), Kokkamangalam, Kottakkayal (Paravoor), Palayoor (Chattukulangara) and Thiruvithamkode (the half church). St. Thomas who had great respect for the Holy Virgin, named all these churches after St. Mary. At Niranam, St. Thomas baptised many people and ordained people with social eminence as priests, to administer the church. The church founded by St Thomas at Niranam was adjacent to Sri Thrikpaleswara Hindu Temple of Lord Shiva. Some adversaries of the new faith later took out the cross, founded by the Apostle and threw it into the neighboring river. When St Thomas returned to Niranam after two years (AD 54) he heard about this and went in search of the cross. He found it at a place in the down stream and again founded the church at that place, which is believed to be the present location of the church. According to the available records, the present building is the fourth, which was built in 1912. The third building was built in 1259.

Kaviyoor Mahadeva Temple
Kaviyoor Mahadevar Temple is a Hindu temple in KaviyoorPathanamthitta DistrictKeralaIndia. It is commonly called Thrikkaviyoor Mahadeva Temple. The main deities are Lord Mahadeva (Shiva with Parvathi) and Lord Hanuman. Kaviyoor Temple is one of the important Siva Temples in Kerala. This is also one of the Important temples under the Travancore Devaswom Board.

Manjinikkara Church
Manjinikkara Dayara Church Located at Omallur in Pathanamthitta, Manjinikkara Dayara Church is a famous pilgrimage centre. It is here the mortal remains of Mar Ignatius Elias III, the Holy Patriarch of Anthioch, are kept. The important festival of the church is held in February every year. A large number of pilgrims visit the church to receive spiritual blessings.

Parumala Church

St. Peter's and St. Paul's Orthodox ChurchParumala (Parumala Pally) is a prominent parish church of the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church
Parumala is a small stretch of land on the shores of the river Pampa. Malankara Metropolitan Joseph Mar Dionysius wanted to establish a seminary in this area. A plot of land with an area of 2 acres was donated by Arikupurathu Mathen Karnavar to the Malankara Metropolitan for this purpose.
An ordinary building called ‘Azhippura’ was soon built on this plot of land for conducting classes for the deacons etc. Syriac classes were begun here under the care of Fr.Yakob. In course of time, Metropolitan Mar Dionysius gave the charge of the seminary to Metropolitan Mar Gregorios (Later known as Parumala Thirumeni), in order to carry on the Syriac teaching sessions more efficiently and also to help him in other church matters.
Temporary church in Parumala was rebuilt by Mar Gregorios and consecrated in 1895

Pamba River
The Pamba River (also called Pampa river) is the third longest river in the South Indian state of Kerala after Periyar and Bharathappuzha and the longest river in the erstwhile princely state of TravancoreSabarimala temple dedicated to Lord Ayyappa is located on the banks of the river Pamba.
The river is also known as 'Dakshina Bhageerathi' and 'River Baris'.
The River Pamba enriches the lands of Pathanamthitta District and the Kuttanand area of Alappuzha District

Nilackal St.Thomas Church

Saint Thomas who was an apostle of Jesus Christ established seven and half churches in India and was called as Seven and Half Churches or Ezharappallikal. One of these churches is the St.Thomas Ecumenical Church at Nilackal. This church is an example of the unity of the Christian churches and also of the communal harmony. The church trust proved that unity among the churches can be maintained and at the same time give respect to the sentiments of the faiths of other religions. The main message which the church provides is of love, peace and fraternity.
The church was constructed in the year AD 54. This church has the importance that it is the first Ecumenical church in the world and is has been dedicated by all the denominations as an example of heritage by St. Thomas. The Nilackal church is located in the interior part of the Sabarimala hills, while all the other churches built by St. Thomas are near to the coastal areas. Even though there is no historical evidence of the missionary work of St.Thomas in Nilackal, some assumptions of St. Thomas’s establishment of a church in this place is written in old metal plates and other historian writings. Since the old church is in a dilapidated stage, a new church has been constructed in a site not far from it.

Pathanamthitta Town

    View from Chuttipara (photo Jijo)

Tourist Information Office
Ph: 2326409 DTPC Office Ph: 2229952, Email: ptadtpc@yahoo.co.in,Website: www.dtpcpathanamthitta.com 
Getting there By road: Pathanamthitta is well connected by an excellent network of roads to all major towns in Kerala.
Pathanamthitta KSRTC Bus Station, Ph: 2229213 
By rail: Nearest railway stations: Chengannur (26 km); Thiruvalla (31 km) 
By air: Nearest airport: Thiruvananthapuram (119 km)

The geographical location of the district of Pathanamthitta is at 9.27° N 76.78° E with an average elevation of 19 metres. As one of the fourteen districts of Kerala, it is surrounded by the two districts of Kottayam and Idukki on its northern part, the district of Alappuzha on its western side, district of Kollam to its southern part and has a border with Indian state of Tamil Nadu on its eastern side.

The historical importance of Pathanamthitta district lies in its evolution of an independent district from Pandalam reign to the British reign and finally the formation of the district in 1982. The district of Pathanamthitta has great contribution in the freedom movement of India where the strong protest took place in 1921 against the visit of the Prince of Wales. The freedom fighters like Elanthoor K.Kumar, Thadiyal Raghavan Pillai, Pandalam K.P and N.G. Chacko had played a significant role to liberate India from the clutches of the British Empire.

The climate of Pathanamthitta district is conditioned by the natural divisions of the regions as the lowland, the midland and the highland. The district has more or less same climate as prevalent elsewhere in the state. The Winter Season starts from December to February and Summer Season takes place between the months of March to May.

Fairs and Festivals :
Some of the famous fairs and festivals of Pathanamthitta are mentioned below with brief description: 
Aranmula Vallmakali (Boat Race) : This festival is celebrated during the month of September which originates from the Sree Parthasarathy Temple which is also marked by the snake boat race in the afternoon.

Maramadimatsaram (Ox Race) : This is the largest annual fair of Pathanamthitta based on agriculture and cattle celebrated during the month of August.

Maramon Convention :This festival is meant for the Christians with the convention of carrying the cadjan leaves and bamboo poles to erect a huge 'pandal' on the banks of the river Pamba.
Date of formation
1475.69 Sq. Km
9.05° N
76.9° E
Population (2001)
Population density
574 per sq. km
Literacy Rate
Max.: 39 °C; Min.: 20 C
Best time to visit
August to March
Postal Code
STD Code

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1 comment:

  1. Nice Informations & add local places also..
    Good work Go ahead.
    Thanks #Keralatrips


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